Chinese language is a new territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 approach. Not only that, Chinese is yet another tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, and when unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available possess PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or a fact. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. Finally tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, couple options many similar sounds with various meanings. As a a couple of fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it is not always possible to guess the pronunciation of a role. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, which is composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation simply can’t be related, the concept of the characters can potentially. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings are not necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the same manner as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds for example u with an umlaut () that sounds like a compounding of I and u. Like everything unfamiliar, it might lead to uncertainty and are worried. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the most important step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language success.
The Strategies Would once Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah State university conducted an exploration amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Chinese language learners and uncovered interesting results could be help future learners in forming a highly effective study technique. Her study revolves around the most frequently used Chinese character learning strategies and how those strategies affect the learners’ ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing of the Chinese emails.
The study finds that among finest twenty most important used strategies, eight regarding are involved in when a character is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how the is used in context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the element.
7. Following the explanation of the.
8. Associating the character with previously learned design.
The next six strategies are formerly increase learners’ understanding for this newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding an equivalent.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if the new character been recently used a long time ago.
12. Discovering this how to say hello in mandarin they are used in conversation.
13. When using the character in sentences by mouth.
14. Asking how the type could be utilized in words.
However, learning strategies come to diminish beyond those two learning concentrations. There are only three strategies played with memorising newly learned temperament.
15. Saying and writing the character at the same time frame.
16. Saying and picturing the character in memory.
17. With the sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And nevertheless only one strategy applied in practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed along with two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many time intervals.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four are found to be most significant in increasing learner’s skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of brand new characters. The 4 strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making connection to a similar character
Saying and writing the repeatedly
A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of back as they learned from what they read, 26% from the things they hear, and 30% from what they see. While studying modes are combined, newer and interesting . improvement in learning retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students say the materials they are learning, and learning retention is at the highest at 90% when students say the materials built learning simply because they do something. Simply reading the characters are not enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, make a connection when using the characters come up with them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study means that recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces understanding. One way work with this is by using an app for instance The Intelligent Flashcards. This particular flashcard app is manufactured for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient to review characters on such basis as chapters. Just does it show stroke order animation, it can be accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app the more convenient that another app such as Anki. With Anki, although user can also add personal notes on it, the sound file is not available and must be imported through another app.
Another important learning process to incorporate is observing your characters tend to be in framework. This can finished by observing real-life conversations to assist the textbook and audio recordings conversation. The time interesting to make note of that pupils studied in the abovementioned research were hesitant to adopt the educational strategies recommended by the instructors, such as watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese song selections. There could be many reasons why you are this. The structure of the shows or songs could not appeal into the learners.
Regarding this program is not as convenient. And even if the shows might be accessed online, rarely a tick subtitled in a choice of both Chinese and English which would make the shows more useful to beginner learners in receiving the language. Also, most from the very popular Chinese Tv shows fall into the historical genre, which is often a favourite among the Chinese, with regard to The Empress of Cina. However, the language spoken in this particular type of TV show is a great deal complex compared to a contemporary spoken Chinese.